Thursday, May 28, 2020

Episode 8 - The National Pantry Census

Can Manufacturers' Institute ad
Better Homes & Gardens Magazine
August 1944


Welcome to the post for Episode 8 - The National Pantry Census! Starting March 1, 1943 Americans had to deal with the rationing of canned foods, something they had come to rely on before the war. In order to obtain War Ration Book 2, which enabled them to buy the rationed processed foods, they had to declare what was in their pantries in a "pantry census" as one newspaper coined it. 

Enjoy the following images dealing with processed food rationing, food ads, and my research resources! 




OPA Poster
How to Shop With Ration Book 2
1943
Public Domain


Public Domain

Public Domain

Public Domain



To learn how to shop with point stamps,
these youngsters in a Fairfax County, Virginia,
grade school have set up a play
1941-1945
Public Domain 


Never Too Young to Learn
1943
Public Domain

Can Manufacturer's Institute ad
Better Homes & Gardens Magazine
August 1944


A&P Store ad
Ladies Home Journal
Nov 1944
Note that the coffee is now offered in bags instead of jars or tins!

VanCamp's ad
Ladies Home Journal
Nov 1944


Del Monte Food ad
Ladies Home Journal
Nov 1944
Tin and glass option for products


V-8 ad
Ladies Home Journal
Nov 1944


Florida Grapefruit Juice ad
Ladies Home Journal
Nov 1944

Libby's ad
Ladies Home Journal 
Nov 1944
Both tin and glass jar options


Heinz Cookbook with Wartime Supplement
abt. 1943
Note the Turtle Soup!


Heinz Cookbook with Wartime Supplement
abt. 1943

Cape Cod's Famous Cranberry Recipes
by Ocean Spray
1941
Note the glass and tin options


And here are the featured cookbooks with the recipes I tried for this episode!







 











Resources:


Books:

Studies in Rationing: An Analysis of Selected Rationing Programs in the United States During World War II, Vol. II. Solo, Carolyn Shaw. Harvard University, 1950.


Articles:

Make it Do: Rationing of Canned Goods in WWII

https://www.sarahsundin.com/make-it-do-rationing-of-canned-goods-in-world-war-ii-2/

(Accessed 5/20/20)


Food Rationing and Canning in World War II

https://www.womenshistory.org/articles/food-rationing-and-canning-world-war-ii

(Accessed 5/20/20)


How Did We Can? The Evolution of Home Canning Practices

https://www.nal.usda.gov/exhibits/ipd/canning/exhibits/show/wartime-canning/world-war-ii

(Accessed 5/20/20)


Food Rationing Begins Nationwide

http://www.nww2m.com/2012/03/march-1-1942-food-rationing-begins-nationwide/

(Accessed 5/20/20)


"Rationing Greatly Reduces Canned Goods to Civilians." The Evening Sun. Hanover, PA. 22 February 1943.


"Point Rationing Put Into Effect." The Evening Sun. Hanover, PA. 1 March 1943.


"Plan Your Garden Early Now. The Ruthven Free Press. 24 February, 1943.


"Point Rationing Will Begin March 1st; Rationed Goods 'Freeze' Starts Feb. 20." Fowler Ensign. 11 Feb 1943.


The Tampa Tribune. Tampa, Florida. 1 March 1943.


Images:


Look at the Point Values

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Look_At_The_Point_Values,_%22How_to_Shop_With_Ration_Book_Two%22_-_OAC_-_bk0007t0n59_(cropped).jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)


Use This Ration Book

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Use_this_ration_book,_%22How_to_Shop_With_Ration_Book_Two%22_-_OAC_-_bk0007t0n59_(cropped).jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)


Fresh Fruits and Vegetables are not rationed

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fresh_Fruits_And_Vegatables_are_not_rationed,_%22How_to_Shop_With_Ration_Book_Two%22_-_OAC_-_bk0007t0n59_(cropped).jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)


How to Shop with Ration Book Two

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%22How_to_Shop_With_Ration_Book_Two%22_-_OAC_-_bk0007t0n59.jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)


Never too Young to Learn

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Never_too_young_to_learn,_these_future_homemakers_receive_first-hand_experience_in_looking_for_point_values_as_well..._-_NARA_-_196401.jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)


To learn how to shop

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%22To_learn_how_to_shop_with_point_stamps,_these_youngsters_in_a_Fairfax_County,_Virginia,_grade_school_have_set_up_a_play_-_NARA_-_535821.jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)


Canned Asparagus

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canned_asparagus_(6443339409).jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)


Display of canned goods

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Washington,_D.C._Display_of_canned_goods_8c36406v.jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)


4-H Club Member Stores Food

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:4-H_Club_Member_Storing_Food_Grown_in_Her_Garden_Rockbridge_County_Virginia.jpg

(Accessed 5/20/20)




Thursday, May 7, 2020

Episode 7 - Ice Cream Goes to War

I love this photo so much! 
Digital print purchased from The Brass Mouse
source

Happy V-E Day! Celebrating the 75th Anniversary of kicking Hitler's rear! Episode 7 talks about ice cream rationing and what ice cream manufacturers and dairy companies had to do to ensure Americans got enough of their favorite frozen treat. Enjoy the photos and recipes!


This is a great cover from this Westinghouse cookbook
featuring a sailor enjoying ice cream!
October 1943



"USS Lexington Recovers Aircraft During the Battle of the Coral Sea"
8 May 1942
Listen to episode 7 to hear all about the infamous ice cream rescue!
Wikimedia Commons


"WWI Ice Cream Machine Aboard the USS Mercy Hospital Ship"
1918
This may be from the First World War, but it's a good example
of how they put ice cream machines on naval ships.
This was done during WWII as well.



This is a great sign advertising the
wartime combination of half ice cream, half sherbet.
A big thank you to www.VintageVille.com
 for special permission to use this photo from their site




"Earle Landis Freezing Ice Cream on the Back Porch, 1942"
Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons

"Medicine in the form of ice cream sundaes and banana splits
are enjoyed convalescing battle casualties at the 1st U.S. General Hospital,
Paris, France"
22 February 1945
Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons 


Japanese American children eating ice cream.
I don't know if this was taken at an internment camp during the war,
but I felt this was a really poignant photograph.
Digital print purchased from The Brass Mouse
source


Washington D.C. Good Humor Ice Cream Truck
May 1942
Public Domain
accessed on Photogrammer via Yale University
source


Howard Johnson's 28 Flavors - list of some ice cream flavors from 1948 (scroll down the page to get to the section about Howard's 28 Flavors)

How to calculate true cost prices from the 1940s in today's money: Things Were So Cheap Back Then!...Or Were They?



Cooking on a Ration by Marjorie Mills
1943

Wartime Ice Cream
1943



Pineapple Sherbet
Orange Sherbet
1943




 

RESEARCH

Articles:

History of American Ice Cream

https://www.thehenryford.org/explore/blog/the-scoop-on-american-ice-cream

(Accessed 4/17/20)


Making Ice Cream like it’s 1927 (history of making ice cream at home)

https://americanhistory.si.edu/blog/ice-cream-1927

(Accessed 4/17/20)


Howard Johnson’s 28 Flavors (scroll down to read that specific section)

http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodicecream.html

(Accessed 4/17/20)


Sweet Spots: America’s Old-Fashioned Ice Cream Shops

https://www.delish.com/restaurants/g1600/old-fashionied-ice-cream-shops/?slide=1

(Accessed 4/17/20)


Sidwell Dairy Company series, 1943-1944

www.newspapers.com 


Pictures:


USS Lexington Recovers Aircraft During the Battle of the Coral Sea

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USS_Lexington_(CV-2)_recovers_aircraft_during_the_Battle_of_the_Coral_Sea,_8_May_1942_(80-G-16806).jpg

(Accessed 5/2/20)


Soda Fountain and Booths

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Soda_fountain_and_booths,_Earnshaw_Drug_Co.,_East_Greenwich,_R.I_(78831).jpg

(Accessed 5/2/20)


Earle Landis Freezing Ice Cream on the Back Porch, 1942

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Earle_Landis_freezing_ice_cream_on_the_back_porch_8d10734v.jpg

(Accessed 5/2/20)


Medicine in the form of ice cream

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Medicine_in_the_form_of_ice-cream_sundaes_and_banana_splits_are_enjoyed_by_the_convalescing_battle_casualties_at_the..._-_NARA_-_531506.tif

(Accessed 5/2/20)


WWI Ice Cream Machine Aboard USS Mercy hospital ship

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Navy_-_Medicine_-_Hospital_Ships_-_USS_Mercy_-_Ice_cream_machine_aboard_U.S._Hospital_Ship_%22Mercy.%22_-_NARA_-_45511173.jpg

(Accessed 5/2/20)


Good Humor Ice Cream Truck, May 1942

http://photogrammar.yale.edu/records/index.php?record=fsa1998022983/PP

(Accessed 5/2/20)


Half ‘n’ Half Sundae

http://www.esnarf.com/2238dk.htm (special permission obtained)

www.VintageVille.com (credit)

(Accessed 5/2/20)




Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Episode 6 - The Dairy Dilemma



Source
Thank you to Northwestern University Libraries
for the use of their image!


Welcome to the supplemental material for Episode 6 - The Dairy Dilemma. This episode is all about dairy rationing and the problems dairy farmers faced with the onset of rationing. 

Image from Victory Recipes,
abt. 1943


"Eat More Cottage Cheese", 1917
Though this poster is from WWI, the same
mentality towards cottage cheese was used during WWII.
Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons



"Increase Dairy Production to the
'All Out' War Effort!", 1942
Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons


***To view the film "White Ammunition" by Blake (B.K.) Inc., Borden’s Farm Products***
go HERE!

**To learn how to calculate wartime food prices to compare with modern values check out my blog post HERE!**

Health-for-Victory Meal Planning Guide,
August 1943
This is a great cover showing a cute little boy
drinking a huge glass of milk!





Here is the Featured Cookbook!



Cheese English Monkey - The Ingredients

Cheese English Monkey - The Mixture

Cheese English Monkey on crackers


Cooking Rarebit over the stove


Rarebit - the mixture

Rarebit on a cracker
This was by far our favorite recipe!



Featured recipes for Cheese English Monkey & Rarebit
from Health-for-Victory Meal Planning Guide, October 1943




RESOURCES


Studies in Rationing: An Analysis of Selected Rationing Programs in the United States During World War II. Volume II. Solo, Carolyn Shaw. Harvard University. 1950.


Articles:


Early 1900s: When the Navy Ran a Dairy Farm by Sam Moore

https://www.farmanddairy.com/columns/early-1900s-when-the-navy-ran-a-dairy-farm/575536.html

(Accessed 4/7/20)


US Dairy Farmers Dump Milk as Pandemic Upends Food Markets. April 3, 2020.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-dairy-insight/u-s-dairy-farmers-dump-milk-as-pandemic-upends-food-markets-idUSKBN21L1DW?fbclid=IwAR1bMvaw9-JC55gesWvWzPVK8tJRF1vAHN8PVB45GnSwQcy3TPe7M37l3Ic

(Accessed 4/10/20)


Fighting to Honor War Veterans Through Milk Bottles

https://www.americandairy.com/news-and-events/dairy-diary/dairy-farming/fighting-to-honor-war-veterans-through-milk-bottles.stml

(Accessed 4/9/20)


Battlefront Dispatches from Vermont (interesting article about Henry McLemore)

https://www.timesargus.com/news/battlefront-dispatches-from-vt/article_942c8a7d-ed38-52e4-8480-d816ca648ef1.html

(Accessed 4/10/20)


Newspapers Articles:


Iowa City Press-Citizen Newspaper. November 1943 - August 1944.


The Hammond Times. Indiana. January 1943.


Posters:


Powdered Egg & Milk shipped to the UK from the US

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Powdered_egg_and_milk,_United_States,_1939-1945_Wellcome_L0059407.jpg

(Accessed 4/9/20)


Milk & Eggs - Nature’s Food

https://dc.library.northwestern.edu/items/1dd7d8b4-30aa-4042-9d63-b2ac6efc18cc

(Accessed 4/9/20)


Film “White Ammunition” by Blake (B.K.) Inc., Borden’s Farm Products

https://archive.org/details/0151WhiteAmmunition17141327

(Accessed 4/9/20)


Eat More Cottage Cheese

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%22Eat_More_Cottage_Cheese...You%27ll_Need_Less_Meat...A_Postal_Card_Will_Bring_Recipes...Cottage_Cheese_or_Meat%5E_Ask..._-_NARA_-_512542.jpg

(Accessed 4/11/20)


Increase Dairy Production

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Increase_Dairy_Production_so_vital_to_the_All_Out_War_effort,_Dailey%27s_DD_Feeds_Super_Line_Dairy..._(NBY_7133).jpg

(Accessed 4/14/20)



Episode 8 - The National Pantry Census

Can Manufacturers' Institute ad Better Homes & Gardens Magazine August 1944 Welcome to the post for Episode 8 - The National Pantry ...