Friday, July 23, 2021

Episode 19 - AWLA: 3 Million Women Fight in the Fields

"Join Women’s Land Army of the U.S. Crop Corps” 1943

 Welcome to the supplemental material for Victory Kitchen's podcast episode 19 all about the American Women's Land Army! I've included my research resources below. All images are either from the National Archives or were taken by me from magazines in my personal collection. If you'd like to use an image please contact me for permission first. 



“Pitch In and Help. Join the Women’s Land Army.”, 1944
“Harvest War Crops, The Women’s Land Army”, 1945


“Mrs. Crawford wears the Women's Land Army uniform.” African Americans World War II Homefront 1945 (Here she's helping on her husband's tobacco farm.)



"Elaine Norwieh, WLA [Women's Land Army] girl from Fall River, MA, showing bushel of beans she has just picked."

"Members of the Women's Land Army of World War II, wearing the regulation cape, shirts, and overalls, march into the orchard in August 1944. They are (left to right) Dorothy Lintner, Lillian Dowdney, Marion Alessi, Frances Hickman, and Nancy Dick."

"Members of the Women's Land Army of World War II, wearing the regulation cape, shirts, and overalls, pick peaches in August 1944."

This Woodbury soap ad from the 14 Jun 1943
issue of Life magazine was the exact type of 
glamorous image of females the AWLA
was fighting against. Farmers and farmers wives refused
to take urban women as serious help because images like this
perpetuated the idea that urban women were useless as farm hands and cared
only about their looks

A woman taking a truck-crop of tomatoes to town
Farm Journal & Farmer's Wife magazine
September 1944

This Kraft cheese ad from the July 1944 Farm Journal sent a
different kind of message - farm women and girls belonged
in the field and their help was badly needed

Farm Journal & Farmer's Wife, July 1942


The Women's Land Army was featured
in this September 27, 1943 issue of Life






This episode's Story Highlight with recipes!

Farm Journal & Farmer's Wife, August 1944
 




This episode's Cookbook Feature: 

Coupon Cookery
by Prudence Penny, 1943


 

 

  

Below are the recipes I tried from this fun cookbook:

Supreme Red Cabbage

Carrot Rolls

The insides of these Carrot Rolls 



Coupon Cookery, 1943


Coupon Cookery, 1943

Resources:

Books/ Magazines:

On the Farm Front: The Women’s Land Army of World War II. Stephanie A, Carpenter. Northern Illinois University Press, 2003.

Farm Journal & Farmer’s Wife Magazine. July 1942, July 1944, August 1944, September 1944

Life Magazine, 14 June 1943, 27 September 1943

Images:

Full collection of WLA promotional posters:


“Harvest War Crops, The Women’s Land Army”. Office for Emergency Management. Office of War Information. Domestic Operations Branch. Bureau of Special Services. 1945 https://catalog.archives.gov/id/514440

“Pitch In and Help. Join the Women’s Land Army.” Office for Emergency Management. Office of War Information. Domestic Operations Branch. Bureau of Special Services. 1944 

"Elaine Norwieh, WLA [Women's Land Army] girl from Fall River, MA, showing bushel of beans she has just picked." Department of Agriculture. Office of the Secretary. Office of Information. 1925-ca. 1981 https://catalog.archives.gov/id/175539343



"Members of the Women's Land Army of World War II, wearing the regulation cape, shirts, and overalls, pick peaches in August 1944. The three in the foreground are (left to right): Frances Hickman, Lillian Dewdney, and Nancy Dick." Photographer: Madeleine Osborne (U.S.D.A.)
Department of Agriculture. Office of the Secretary. Office of Information. 1925-ca. 1981 https://catalog.archives.gov/id/175539340

"Members of the Women's Land Army of World War II, wearing the regulation cape, shirts, and overalls, march into the orchard in August 1944. They are (left to right) Dorothy Lintner, Lillian Dowdney, Marion Alessi, Frances Hickman, and Nancy Dick." Photographer: Madeleine Osborne (U.S.D.A.) Department of Agriculture. Office of the Secretary. Office of Information. 1925-ca. 1981 https://catalog.archives.gov/id/175539337

“Mrs. Crawford wears the Women's Land Army uniform.” African Americans World War II Homefront. Department of Agriculture. Production and Marketing Administration. (8/18/1945 - 11/2/1953) https://catalog.archives.gov/id/532819

“Join Women’s Land Army of the U.S. Crop Corps” War Food Administration. 1943. “Join the Women's Land Army of the U.S. Crop Corps.” Special Collections, USDA National Agricultural Library. Accessed July 16, 2021, https://www.nal.usda.gov/exhibits/speccoll/items/show/217

Articles:

“To The Rescue of the Crops: The Women’s Land Army During World War II” by Judy Barrett Litoff and David C. Smith https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1993/winter/landarmy.html

“The Crop Corps: How Agriculture Helped Win the War” by Daniel B. Moskowitz


Thursday, July 1, 2021

Episode 18 - Oh, Canada!

 Welcome to the supplemental blog post for Season 3 - Episode 18 all about the Canadian - American food relationship during WWII! I wanted to extend a big thanks to my guest, Kelsie Lonie, for teaching us more about Candian rationing and for sharing her grandmother's story about being a Farmerette. 


Economy Recipes for Canada's "Housoldiers"

I wanted to extend another thanks to Kelsey for providing pictures of some of her Canadian resources:

Victory Cook Book
Life Magazine, Sept. 9, 1940
Maclean's magazine ad
Food is Everybody's Business
How to Eat Well Though Rationed



Victory Cook Book
1943
(the following 4 pictures also come from this book)





Maclean's magazine
November 15, 1945


The American-Canadian relationship was pretty strong during WWII. Besides the pre-Pearl Harbor American secret spy school just over the border in Canada, American citizens signed up with the Canadian military in order to help fight in England and Europe. 

Americans join up with the Canadian military to fight in Europe
Life magazine
Sept. 9, 1940


Food Is Everybody's Business
1944


Canadian issue of How To Eat Well Though Rationed
1943

Maple Gingerbread
How to Eat Well Though Rationed, 1943


Maple Gingerbread
photo courtesy of Kelsie Lonie

Lobster Puffs
photo courtesy of Kelsey Lonie



Cookbook Feature: 

Purity Cook Book
1945





Apple-Oat Pudding with Honeyscotch Sauce
Purity Cook Book, 1945


Maple Butter Tarts
Purity Cook Book, 1945

Inside a Maple Butter Tart. Yum!

Maple Syrup Butter Tarts
Purity Cook Book, 1945


Apple-Oat Pudding
Purity Cook Book, 1945

Apple-Oat Pudding continued
Purity Cook Book, 1945

Honeyscotch Sauce
Purity Cook Book, 1945



RESOURCES:

 Articles:

 Timeline of Canadian rationing dates

Canadian Civilian ration dates 

https://culinaryhistorians.ca/newsletters/CC_18.pdf

 

Some info on Canadian wartime rations - mentions rural people who had it easier.

https://www.e-know.ca/regions/east-kootenay/wartime-rations-meant-canadian-cooks-got-creative/#:~:text=Here%20in%20Canada%2C%20rationing%20began,didn't%20end%20until%201947

 

The six Canadian ration books explained

http://www.wyattheritage.com/homefront/main.asp%3Flevel1=government&level2=materials&level3=food&level4=rationing.html

 

Examples of all the Ration books

http://www.genealogytoday.com/ca/canadian-ration-books.html

 

Food Propaganda in Canada

https://wartimecanada.ca/essay/eating/food-home-front-during-second-world-war

 

The official Canadian food guide evolution (first created 1942)

https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/hc-sc/documents/services/food-nutrition/canada-food-guide/resources/evidence/food-nutrients-health-interim-evidence-update-2018/26-18-2165-History%20of%20CFG-EN-06.pdf

 

The Politics of Food Guides - 1942 was the start of the Canada Food Guide

https://www.cbc.ca/news/health/the-politics-of-food-guides-1.1268575

 

The Canadian wartime homemaker propaganda 

https://wartimecanada.ca/sites/default/files/documents/Homemaker.pdf

 

Farmerettes

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/london/farmerettes-ontario-wwii-book-1.5275476

 

Canadian war cake

https://www.bcfoodhistory.ca/canadian-war-cake/

https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=th8_AAAAIBAJ&sjid=oE8MAAAAIBAJ&pg=3983,4248626&hl=en


Videos & Radio Programs:

 1944 Purity Cook Book Butter Tarts

https://youtu.be/QrdzC5NGpss

 

1940s CBC radio programs 

https://www.cbc.ca/archives/during-wartime-canadians-had-less-fruit-for-the-fruitcake-1.4939307

https://www.cbc.ca/archives/entry/christmas-on-the-home-front

https://www.cbc.ca/archives/lifestyles-of-the-1940s-1.4685584

 

CBC Radio program that mentions canning

https://www.cbc.ca/player/play/1832605450

 

Meat and Romance (1940) - Provincial Archives of Alberta

This film educated Canadian women on how to identify and purchase thrifty cuts of meat

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzWGPp6mK_o

 

Books

Wartime Canada - pdfs of original wartime cookbooks, recipes, and other cool resources!

http://www.wartimecanada.ca/archive-categories/eating

 

Economy Recipes for Canada’s “Housoldiers”. Canada Starch Company Limited. Montreal, Canada, 

 

Girl in a Sloppy Joe Sweater, life on the Canadian Homefront during WWII. Mary Peate

https://www.amazon.ca/Girl-Sloppy-Joe-sweater-Canadian/dp/0888902220



Misc. Resources:

 Canadian Foods:

Saskatoon Berries

https://www.thekitchenmagpie.com/old-fashioned-traditional-saskatoon-pie/

https://www.kitchenfrau.com/the-canadian-food-experience-project-august-pickled-beets-and-creamed-vegetables/

https://www.kitchenfrau.com/saskatoon-pie/

 

Parkwood Estate National Historic Site

Historic Foodways Program “War in the Kitchen” remakes recipes published during wartime by Marie Holmes in the column “Cooking Chat”  in the Toronto Star

https://www.facebook.com/parkwoodestate/

 


Episode 19 - AWLA: 3 Million Women Fight in the Fields

"Join Women’s Land Army of the U.S. Crop Corps” 1943  Welcome to the supplemental material for Victory Kitchen's podcast episode 19...