Friday, July 23, 2021

Episode 19 - AWLA: 3 Million Women Fight in the Fields

"Join Women’s Land Army of the U.S. Crop Corps” 1943

 Welcome to the supplemental material for Victory Kitchen's podcast episode 19 all about the American Women's Land Army! I've included my research resources below. All images are either from the National Archives or were taken by me from magazines in my personal collection. If you'd like to use an image please contact me for permission first. 



“Pitch In and Help. Join the Women’s Land Army.”, 1944
“Harvest War Crops, The Women’s Land Army”, 1945


“Mrs. Crawford wears the Women's Land Army uniform.” African Americans World War II Homefront 1945 (Here she's helping on her husband's tobacco farm.)



"Elaine Norwieh, WLA [Women's Land Army] girl from Fall River, MA, showing bushel of beans she has just picked."

"Members of the Women's Land Army of World War II, wearing the regulation cape, shirts, and overalls, march into the orchard in August 1944. They are (left to right) Dorothy Lintner, Lillian Dowdney, Marion Alessi, Frances Hickman, and Nancy Dick."

"Members of the Women's Land Army of World War II, wearing the regulation cape, shirts, and overalls, pick peaches in August 1944."

This Woodbury soap ad from the 14 Jun 1943
issue of Life magazine was the exact type of 
glamorous image of females the AWLA
was fighting against. Farmers and farmers wives refused
to take urban women as serious help because images like this
perpetuated the idea that urban women were useless as farm hands and cared
only about their looks

A woman taking a truck-crop of tomatoes to town
Farm Journal & Farmer's Wife magazine
September 1944

This Kraft cheese ad from the July 1944 Farm Journal sent a
different kind of message - farm women and girls belonged
in the field and their help was badly needed

Farm Journal & Farmer's Wife, July 1942


The Women's Land Army was featured
in this September 27, 1943 issue of Life






This episode's Story Highlight with recipes!

Farm Journal & Farmer's Wife, August 1944
 




This episode's Cookbook Feature: 

Coupon Cookery
by Prudence Penny, 1943


 

 

  

Below are the recipes I tried from this fun cookbook:

Supreme Red Cabbage

Carrot Rolls

The insides of these Carrot Rolls 



Coupon Cookery, 1943


Coupon Cookery, 1943

Resources:

Books/ Magazines:

On the Farm Front: The Women’s Land Army of World War II. Stephanie A, Carpenter. Northern Illinois University Press, 2003.

Farm Journal & Farmer’s Wife Magazine. July 1942, July 1944, August 1944, September 1944

Life Magazine, 14 June 1943, 27 September 1943

Images:

Full collection of WLA promotional posters:


“Harvest War Crops, The Women’s Land Army”. Office for Emergency Management. Office of War Information. Domestic Operations Branch. Bureau of Special Services. 1945 https://catalog.archives.gov/id/514440

“Pitch In and Help. Join the Women’s Land Army.” Office for Emergency Management. Office of War Information. Domestic Operations Branch. Bureau of Special Services. 1944 

"Elaine Norwieh, WLA [Women's Land Army] girl from Fall River, MA, showing bushel of beans she has just picked." Department of Agriculture. Office of the Secretary. Office of Information. 1925-ca. 1981 https://catalog.archives.gov/id/175539343



"Members of the Women's Land Army of World War II, wearing the regulation cape, shirts, and overalls, pick peaches in August 1944. The three in the foreground are (left to right): Frances Hickman, Lillian Dewdney, and Nancy Dick." Photographer: Madeleine Osborne (U.S.D.A.)
Department of Agriculture. Office of the Secretary. Office of Information. 1925-ca. 1981 https://catalog.archives.gov/id/175539340

"Members of the Women's Land Army of World War II, wearing the regulation cape, shirts, and overalls, march into the orchard in August 1944. They are (left to right) Dorothy Lintner, Lillian Dowdney, Marion Alessi, Frances Hickman, and Nancy Dick." Photographer: Madeleine Osborne (U.S.D.A.) Department of Agriculture. Office of the Secretary. Office of Information. 1925-ca. 1981 https://catalog.archives.gov/id/175539337

“Mrs. Crawford wears the Women's Land Army uniform.” African Americans World War II Homefront. Department of Agriculture. Production and Marketing Administration. (8/18/1945 - 11/2/1953) https://catalog.archives.gov/id/532819

“Join Women’s Land Army of the U.S. Crop Corps” War Food Administration. 1943. “Join the Women's Land Army of the U.S. Crop Corps.” Special Collections, USDA National Agricultural Library. Accessed July 16, 2021, https://www.nal.usda.gov/exhibits/speccoll/items/show/217

Articles:

“To The Rescue of the Crops: The Women’s Land Army During World War II” by Judy Barrett Litoff and David C. Smith https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1993/winter/landarmy.html

“The Crop Corps: How Agriculture Helped Win the War” by Daniel B. Moskowitz


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