Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Episode 5: Liver and Tongue and Brains, Oh My!

"Take Only Your Share"
The Birmingham News
21 March 1943
A special thank you to the Alabama Media Group for their permission to use this newspaper image.
(Image is copyrighted and not to be copied, saved, printed, or transmitted without
express permission of the copyright holder.)

Image found via newspapers.com
Welcome to Episode 5's supplemental content! And can I say - take a look at that newspaper full spread page!! When I found this, it nearly knocked my socks off. All the information found within is amazing, but what got me really excited are the pictures, especially the image showing what will be allowed per person per year. That information is very hard to come by in American rationing research!

I really love this meat rationing poster below. It's a great visual demonstration showing where all the meat has gone! A big thank you to the Historical Museum at Fort Missoula in Montana for allowing me to use their image of this fantastic poster.

Where's the Meat?...There's the Meat
ca. 1942
From the University of Montana Mansfield Library Collection
Courtesy of the Historical Museum at Fort Missoula

Enjoy all of these other WWII propaganda posters about meat rationing!
Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons


Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons


Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons


Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons


Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons


Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons


Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons

RECIPES


I love these wartime meat saving tips from the Betty Crocker cookbook Your Share, 1943.
 




 


I talk about this issue in the podcast:






Here are a few, yummy variations on the wartime meat-saver idea of a "meat pinwheel" or "meat roll."


120 Wartime Meat Recipes
by the American Meat Institute.







For pictures of the finished Hot Ham Roll click the link!
Click this link for the recipe for Beef Biscuit Roll.

Resources:


Books:

The Taste of War: World War II and the Battle For Food by Lizzie Collingham

https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/10234229-the-taste-of-war



Articles:


Meat & Cheese Rationing

https://www.sarahsundin.com/make-it-do-meat-and-cheese-rationing-in-world-war-ii-2/

(accessed 3/16/20)


The World War II Campaign to Bring Organ Meats to the Dinner Table

https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/09/the-world-war-ii-campaign-to-bring-organ-meats-to-the-dinner-table/380737/

(accessed 3/23/20)


Changing Eating Habits on the Home Front: Lost Food Acceptance Lessons from World War II

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Brian_Wansink/publication/40792518_Changing_Eating_Habits_on_the_Home_Front_Lost_Lessons_from_World_War_II_Research/links/56a10b0408ae24f62701e81c/Changing-Eating-Habits-on-the-Home-Front-Lost-Lessons-from-World-War-II-Research.pdf

(accessed 3/30/20)


Newspaper Articles:

“Take Only Your Share”. Birmingham News. 21 March 1943.


Various articles from the Atlanta Constitution newspaper, March 1943.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Special Episode: Lessons from WWII American Food Rationing

Illustration by Antonio Sotomayor
from Kitchen Strategy, 1943
 Certain times call for special podcast episodes! I hope you enjoyed my special episode. If you didn't get a chance to listen to it you can find it HERE. If you've found yourself standing in a line due to the extreme situation of these times dealing with Covid-19, you're not alone! There are many parallels that can be drawn between now and World War II, and lessons to be learned as well.


Lines for sugar rationing, approx. 1942
Public Domain
wikimedia commons

Coffee Queues, Baltimore, MD
Life Magazine, November 30, 1942

Here is this episode's featured cookbook:

Kitchen Strategy
by Leona M. Bayer, M.D. (Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine,
Stanford University School of Medicine
 and Edith S. Green, B.A.
Illustrated by Antonio Sotomayor

*I would NOT recommend their suggestion of eating raw hamburger!
Kitchen Strategy, 1943

Kitchen Strategy, 1943



Health-for-Victory, July 1943

Health-For-Victory, July 1943


Here's a recipe for the very delicious Mock Chicken Sandwich Filling.

And here are a few other great wartime sandwich filling ideas!


Broiled Baked Bean Sandwich 

Toast for each sandwich 1 slice of bread. Place a heaping spoonful of  Heinz Oven Baked Beans on each slice, then place over Beans American Cheese, grated or sliced Top with  Half slices of bacon. Broil slowly until bacon is crisp and cheese is melted. Arrange on plate and garnish with Heinz Fresh Cucumber Pickle. Serve at once.

(From Heinz Recipe Book , 1940s)


Liver Sausage Salad

¾ c. liver sausage (liverwurst or Braunswieger )
3 Tbsp. minced celery
1 tsp. lemon juice
½ tsp. prepared mustard
Salt and Pepper
2 Tbsp. mayonnaise

Combine ingredients and spread on any desired slice of bread. Cover with another buttered slice of bread and cut as desired or use for open-faced sandwiches. Makes about 1 cup filling.

(From The Wartime Cook Book, 1942)


Gingerbread and Cream Cheese 

Gingerbread
Cream Cheese
Butter
Chopped Nuts

Cut gingerbread thin, butter and fill with cream cheese and chopped nuts.

(From Heinz Recipe Book, 1943)


Flaked Fish

1 c. flaked fish, fresh or canned 
3 Tbsp. mayonnaise
1 Tbsp. chopped celery   
½ Tbsp. ketchup
1 Tbsp. chopped pickles (sweet or sour) 
1 tsp. horseradish
Salt, Pepper, Paprika

Combine all ingredients; mix thoroughly.

(From 300 Helpful Suggestions for Your Victory Lunch Box, 1943)


Cream Cheese and Jelly Sandwich

1 pkg. cream cheese
1 Tbsp. mayonnaise

Blend cream cheese with mayonnaise. Cut Boston Brown Bread in thin slices. Spread with the cream cheese filling. Also good to spread one slice with jelly and the other with the filling.

(From How to Pack  Lunch Boxes for War Workers, 1943)


Peanut Butter & Salad Dressing Sandwich 

Peanut Butter
Salad Dressing (Miracle Whip is the best)
Iceberg lettuce

Spread two slices of wheat bread with creamy peanut butter. On one slice, spread a generous portion of Miracle Whip. Add a few leaves of iceberg lettuce for a nice crunch.

(From one of my grandmother's recipes!)


Juggling Act
Kitchen Strategy cookbook
Illustration by Antonio Sotomayor

Research:


The World
(accessed 3/18/20)

"Trump Labels Himself 'a Wartime President' Combating Coronovirus"
(accessed 3/18/20)

Food Rationing Tips From WWII Health-for-Victory Meal Planning Guide
(accessed 3/18/20)

Sugar Rationing
(accessed 3/19/20)

Monday, March 9, 2020

Episode 4: There's Dynamite in That Grease!

A special Thank You to Gettysburg College Archives for
allowing me to use their image of this amazing card in
their collection!
Original image

Welcome to the supplemental materials for Episode 4 of the Victory Kitchen podcast!
If you missed listening to Episode 4, you can listen to it HERE!

Fat rationing was a necessary measure during the war because of the world's depleted fat supply. Fat was vital to the war due to its uses from baking cakes, to making soaps and paint, to providing glycerin for making explosives. Fats were used for thousands of other important products.

A couple notes that I forgot to mention in my podcast:
1. Besides animal fats, America was able to get fats from vegetables, soybeans, and cottonseeds among other plant fats. Shortening is one example of a fat that comes from plants and was a popular alternative to lard.

2. Lard rationing ended March 1944 which was helped along by the surplus pig harvest the previous winter.

There are a lot of wartime propaganda posters about fat rationing. Enjoy these examples that I found!

Public Domain
Northwestern University Libraries


Public Domain
wikimedia commons

Public Domain
wikimedia commons

wikipedia

Public Domain
wikimedia commons

Public Domain
wikimedia commons

Public Domain
wikimedia commons

Public Domain
wikimedia commons


Public Domain
wikimedia commons


This is an image from what looks like a book or magazine that I've found
floating around the internet. I can't find the original source, so if you find
where the image originally comes from, please let me know!
Either way, it's an amazing illustration of the many things that were made from used fat.
And the cartoon you've all been waiting for!:

"Out of the Frying Pan" animated by Walt Disney.
Produced by War Activities Committee Motion Picture Industry.
Date unknown. Public Domain.
Prelinger Internet Archives




RECIPES

Here is my blog post about learning the wartime skill of cleaning & reusing fat.

Here is my blog post about making the butter extender recipe for Knox Gelatine Spread.
**Correction: In the podcast I talk about there being a butter extender using evaporated milk. I forgot that this gelatin recipe also calls for evaporated milk, so I think I got confused about that! If I do find a different recipe, I will post it here!


The bread recipes come from this amazing cookbook/education pamphlet.
Health-for-Victory Meal Planning Guide, September 1943
Below is the gloopy cooked cornmeal/molasses base that this lovely Plymouth Bread is made from.
 



 Maybe you'll have better luck than me in making these Bran Refrigerator Rolls. No fancy clover leaf rolls here. They look so lumpy because my kitchen helper that day was my 3 year old. He did a pretty good job!



Despite having no built-up gluten strength whatsoever, these rolls were still pretty tasty!



I love this tiny pamphlet's title - Don't Let Butter Rationing Scare You!


To make your butter stretch twice as far:



The following are a list of all my resources used for this episode of the podcast. Thanks for listening!


Resources:

ARTICLES

Turning Bacon Into Bombs: The American Fat Salvage Committee
(accessed 2/28/20)

Grease War
(accessed 2/28/20)

Unifying a Nation: World War II Posters at New Hampshire State Library
(accessed 2/28/20)

Home Front Friday: Bam! Goes the Bacon Grease
(accessed 2/28/20)

Fact Sheet on Fat Salvage

POSTERS

Save Every Drop of Fat
(accessed 4/11/20)

Vital War Materials poster
(accessed 2/28/20)

Make Them A Grease Spot poster

The Grease You Save poster

Stop! There’s Dynamite in That Grease! Poster 

Save Waste Fats poster

Save Waste Fats2 poster

For Gun Powder Save Waste Fats poster

Save Waste Fats for Explosives poster

A Soldier of the Home Front

Why Greases Must Be Saved

Why Greases Must Be Saved2

Out of the Firing Line poster

Disney cartoon - Out of the Frying Pan Into the Fire

Make It Do - Rationing of Butter, Fats, & Oils in WWII

(accessed 2/21/20)





Episode 10 - Vegetables for Vitality for Victory

The New Garden Encyclopedia Victory Garden Edition 1943   Welcome to Episode 10's supplemental blog post! Part 2 about Victory gardens f...